On May 9th to 11th the first Spring School “Energy life cycle performances of buildings” took place in the Institute of Applied Sciences of the Malta College of Arts, Science & Technologies (MCAST) in Malta.
The Spring School was organized by MCAST in collaboration with the Department of Energy, Information Engineering and Mathematical Models (DEIM) of the University of Palermo, in the context of the prosecution of the activities of the CRIM SAFRI project (Operative Programme Italy- Malta 2007-2013).
The lectures, held by Dr. Sonia Longo and Dr. Francesco Guarino, were about the energy performances of building in a life cycle perspective, which importance was strengthened in the last years by several European guidelines and directives in the field of energy efficiency, representing a significant driver towards the improvement of energy performances of the building stock in the EU.
In detail, the role of the nearly Zero Energy Buildings (nZEB) in the decarbonization of the building sector was discussed, investigating the most important international directives, describing the innovations in research and relevant case studies.
Considering that the achievement of high energy performance standards in buildings has non-negligible energy and environmental costs during their life cycle, the necessity to take in consideration the whole life cycle of buildings in a “from cradle to grave” approach was also discussed, including the raw materials supply, transports, construction, use, maintenance and end-of-life steps. In this context, the application of the Life Cycle Assessment methodology was presented, highlighting the importance of the integration of a life cycle perspective in the building construction industry, to assess scientifically the energy and environmental impacts since the very first design stages.